Water Conditioning & Purification Magazine

Viewpoint: International concerns become local issues

Tuesday, October 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

At press time, we are at the height of hurricane season and many storms are making their presence felt—in a big way. For the Houston, TX metro area, up to seven inches of rain are anticipated to accompany Hurricane Imelda. And more is coming. While most hurricanes spin up in the area of Western Africa, tropical depressions continue to form in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, promising even more flooding events. The Pacific coast is not without its own weather problems, even though most hurricanes in this region head out to open water rather than hug the western coastline.
What does this mean for you, as dealers and manufacturers? As with previous devastating hurricanes, flood water intrusion is a very real and common problem. Even after flood waters have receded, good water quality may be hard to find in affected areas. James Peterson of Crystal IS addresses these concerns in this issue. Being prepared means being ready to deal with major water quality problems and shortages. Dealers can be the first line of defense in these situations and manufacturers can assure the best possible solutions are deployed to disaster zones.
While natural disasters are problematic in the US on a more seasonal basis, weather-related crises are happening around the world, around the clock. If it’s not bad water quality, then water scarcity may well be at the root of entire nations’ stability. We are fortunate to have so many options in the US to deal with disastrous consequences but others across the globe are not so fortunate. Dale ‘DataDale’ Filhaber addresses this in her recap of a recent visit to Africa. Eye-opening is the simplicity of solutions and the need for help. A great many manufacturers and dealers are already at the forefront of philanthropic endeavors and there are always more, imperative reasons to be part of a global solution.
Speaking of solutions, many people (especially those of the younger generations) believe that all problems are solvable with technology. And that may be true, in part, as the Internet of Things (IoT) becomes more established across the globe. Manufacturers in all industries are embracing the ability to wire our world. WQA’s Kathleen Fultz examines how governments are attempting to produce a framework of regulations to ensure the safety of data that is traversing the Internet across and to these IoT devices. While the high-speed of life is already at a break-neck pace, privacy issues keep cropping up because no regulatory framework actually exists in any country.
As we review the ways technology has done marvelous things for our standard of living, there are shortfalls yet to be overcome. For the water treatment industry, that relates to water testing requirements and systems now in place. Real-time results would better equip agencies to more adequately deal with contamination events, to reassure people their water is safe. Now, there’s reason to be positive this will be a reality. Dr. Kelly A. Reynolds reports on a new Smartphone technology that when deployed, will give results in minutes or hours instead of days. Not only will the phone be able to define outbreaks, it will be able to track them as well. For consumers, this will mean fewer disruptions to their water sources as well as quicker resolutions for boil-water alerts.
That’s a lot to take in as the world speeds by but we’ll be there to keep you up-to-date and as well-informed as possible. You are the ones consumers will rely on to keep them safe. We feel honor-bound to make sure you have the latest and greatest information to allow your businesses to meet changing conditions and rectify problems as they arise, if not before.

Viewpoint: Fall is coming…are you ready?

Sunday, September 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

Fall temperatures should be coming your way soon, probably by the end of the month in the northernmost states. While southern states will continue to endure high temperatures longer, cooler weather will be welcome in most other places. Some companies will have to look for full- or part-time help if their family businesses are buoyed by school-aged relatives picking up the slack during the busy months. Their return to school may provide job opportunities for others, even if only short term.
With a wide range of contaminants being discussed in the media, many people may come to the conclusion that drinking water outside the home could be hazardous to their health. From lead to radon, Cryptosporidum to E. coli and everything in between, this is what helps drive business to dealers and manufacturers alike. And with many new reports on microplastics as an emerging contaminant, the shift back to public drinking water fountains in many areas is welcome, as are some of the newer containers trending upward into the consciousness of Millennial buyers.
In today’s beverage dispensing equipment (be it water, coffee, tea or other beverages), there are a host of water quality treatment options, including built-in UV disinfection, which gives consumers an added layer of protection and peace of mind. James Peterson of Klaran takes a closer look at how the need for beverage equipment disinfection is becoming a primary aspect of water treatment. Both residential and commercial water sources are prone to contamination, making it imperative to treat water at the dispensing end as well. Better water quality helps create a better end product.
Jill Culora, International Bottled Water Association’s Communications Director, reports on that industry, highlighting the various concerns and changes that have occurred since last year. Oliver Lawal (Founder and CEO) and Mitch Hansen (Marketing Specialist) of AquiSense Technologies delve into UV-C LEDs and how they are perceived in water treatment. Incorporation of this newer technology in the bottle-filler product line provides additional POU treatment, but may still be viewed with some measure of doubt.
Newer technologies often require additional testing requirements to be validated by third parties. Consumers want to know the products they purchase will do exactly what is claimed and they rely upon validation and certification, as noted by Rick Andrew of NSF International in his Water Matters column. Public Health Editor Kelly A. Reynolds, MSPH, PhD, reports on the effects of drinking contaminated water. Her column gives an in-depth look at the many contaminants and their characteristic illness traits, as well as how they are tracked and treated.
As you read this, you are probably recalling your experiences at the WQA Mid-Year Leadership Conference in San Antonio, TX. Let us know your thoughts on the conference and how it can benefit you and your business. These events are important for everyone, from the small mom-and-pop dealers to the big OEM manufacturers. Keeping your finger on the pulse of the industry puts you a few more steps ahead of your competition. Until we meet again, stay positive and keep moving forward.

Viewpoint: Splish splash, I was takin’ a bath!

Thursday, August 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

Yes, a swimming pool can seem like a huge bathtub when summer heat threatens to ruin your day. August brings some of the hottest temperatures in the country and pool/spa use skyrockets. Anyone who listens to us (and to the news) knows that it can be, unfortunately, less than optimum summer fun when water quality issues intrude. There are several options for maintaining pools and spas, with new technologies beginning to take their place in the treatment professional’s tool kit. The first order of business, however, is to to keep people safe when they are enjoying a summer cool-down.
Be it municipal or private pools, ozone is quickly becoming a more viable option for the residential pool and spa market. In this issue, Kelly Johnson, MWS, Quality Water Services, covers our two main topics in one article, examining the efficacy of using ozone treatment for pools and spas. NSF International’s David Nance covers the evaluation and certification of equipment to NSF 50, Equipment for Swimming Pools, Spas, Hot Tubs and Other Recreational Water Facilities. These include non-chemical water conditioning devices that are becoming more popular with both consumers and dealers, and which require inclusion in the certification standards as well.
Virtual versus real…this is an issue many encounter when dealing with modern technology. Jennifer Smith of Moti-Vitality takes a closer look at virtual sales appointments. As we embrace the era of better products and systems with advanced technology, the less technical/digital savvy may feel left behind. Not everyone is a tech or gadget junkie. Some may feel excluded merely because they do not or cannot grasp new technology. As time marches on, the need to adapt and accept virtual reality in the water treatment industry is evolving. It’s an interesting read, even if not everyone is ready for it.
The risk of waterborne illness is heightened during the summer, if only because the contaminants in water are given a boost by warmer weather. Of note are recent reports on people acquiring flesh-eating bacterial infections that have killed two (quickly) in the past month. The local swimming hole, like the local pool, still can be risky. Public Health Editor Dr. Kelly A. Reynolds, takes a much closer look at some of the illness vectors, water treatment options and the basics of healthy swimming.
There’s no silver bullet in water treatment and every advance that makes water safer should be considered. Though some may not be popular with everyone, we learn every day and not everything we learn now will be appropriate in the future. Even if you may not readily accept some of the treatment options available, the prospective client may want you to help find what they believe best fits their lifestyle. Keep an open mind to what works and how, and think in terms of what makes you a better water treatment specialist.
The WQA Mid-Year Leadership Conference is right around the corner and will be held in San Antonio, TX. This is a wonderful venue and the Hill Country makes for a great place to meet. If you haven’t registered yet, please do so as quickly as possible. The event will take place September 9-11, so you have to act quickly. We hope to see you there!

Viewpoint: Is your summer busy enough?

Monday, July 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

We know that water treatment in summer takes on a sense of urgency with the warmer temperatures creating issues with certain contaminants. Biofilm production is in full force when the water warms, making it prime time to check filters for replacement. Carbon filter systems are workhorses but may not be the best solution for all treatment issues. That brings us to the next workhorse in the treatment arsenal: reverse osmosis.
RO is a true no-salt system, offering a final-barrier approach to water safety that stands above most others. This technology removes more microplastics, PPCPs and other contaminants than most. Gary Battenberg of Parker Hannifin and Peter Cartwright, PE, two of our resident technical experts, have recently been engaged in a discussion involving a social-media campaign in India that seeks to ban RO and claims RO drinking water is dangerous. This lively discussion plays out in their collaborative article in this issue, myth-busting and providing proof of RO efficacy and safety along the way. If you have concerns or questions, this article should address them handily.
With water scarcity becoming a more reported topic in mainstream US news, consumers are looking for ways to offset shortages that might be felt in their regions. Reuse and water harvesting are two important ways to preclude loss of water sources and there are many ways for all to take part. WQA’s Bryanna Poczatek provides an in-depth technical treatise on the merits of rainwater harvesting and catchment for those who are now investing time to offer this technology to their customers. You’re the water experts and they need assistance with navigating technologies, products and sometimes, state or local ordinances regarding water harvesting.
We have a trio of marketing presentations this month, which focus on using the WQA consumer study to enhance the process of informing consumers about water-treatment options from David Martin; how to make a better direct-marketing campaign from Dale Filhaber and why high-quality leads are being left on the table from Candice Wentling. Enjoy the tips they offer to help you gain more customers.
IAPMO’s IWSH Foundation is involved in several projects to bring safe water to communities lacking access. Called the Community Plumbing Challenge, their efforts have been primarily directed outside the US, where potable water is far less available. They have now engaged projects concentrated on the Native American population and are presenting a recap of the first project. This article is the lead-in, as other projects are already commencing to bring clean, safe water to our Native American citizens.
There is much buzz about microplastics, the Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch and what is being done. Public Health Editor Kelly A. Reynolds, MSPH, PhD tackles the reality of how something most see as being ‘way out there’ is actually a problem right here, right now. Municipal water treatment cannot remove all the microplastics. Dealers and manufacturers, this problem will only get worse. Your final-barrier treatments are needed now more than ever before.
We hope to hear from our readers about what they would like to read about in WC&P. While each issue has a theme, everything about water treatment is important. Let us know if we need to cover something we might have missed. Until next month, be well, travel safely and keep making our world a better place to live.

Viewpoint: Let’s celebrate!

Saturday, June 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

Welcome to the 60th anniversary edition of WC&P! Using the kitchen table as a work area, my father Jerry Peterson launched the magazine to keep the water conditioning industry up-to-date on what was happening around the country. From dealer news to legislative happenings, he was on top of everything related to water. And six decades later, we are still keeping you informed of all that is water treatment.
The industry has evolved as has the magazine. No longer is it only about water conditioning but inclusive of a host of water treatment options and technologies. When Dad launched the magazine, RO was in its infancy, with Jack and Robert Slovak leading the way. UV treatment wasn’t really on anyone’s horizon and ozone was still a ‘killer’ due to the high levels of smog associated with larger cities. But even in the beginning, carbon took the lead for purification.
In this issue, Dr. Henry Nowicki and the staff of PACS offer insight on newer technology that will enhance the efficacy of carbon for removal of PFAS and PFOS. These contaminants are at the forefront of the consciousness of not only the water treatment industry but media circles and consumers. It’s imperative, based on the health consequences, that every available technology be brought to bear. And innovation will again be a force for change in how water treatment works.
In April, a record number of water treatment specialists took part in the annual WQA convention in Las Vegas, NV. Bigger and better than past years, the show offered an amazing number of educational sessions, certification training, business boot camp and much more. Take a look at our show photos to see what you missed if you weren’t there. Maybe we’ll see you next year, when the convention is held in Orlando, FL, April 1-3.
Dealers must sometimes come up with a different way of doing things to ensure they are serving their customers as well as their business to the best of their abilities. Mike Hale of Little Beaver writes about how Culligan of San Antonio took that to a whole new level with its decision to purchase drilling equipment. It’s better to buy your own equipment and do the job in-house than to pay a subcontractor to drill through sidewalks, gravel beds and other soils. This is something many dealers should consider to make a short-term investment for a long-term gain.
To round out our coverage, NSF International’s Rick Andrew reports on the agency’s efforts to include PFAS and PFOS testing in current standards. Greg Reyneke, MWS, also presents more on activated carbon’s role in dechlorination. Another news maker is the number of deaths from infections acquired in health institutions. Public Health Editor Dr. Kelly Reynolds explains how waterborne contaminants are contributing to these infections and how water treatment can contribute to prevention practices.
We’ve recently solicited candidates for our Dealer Profile with an eLert to our subscribers. If you know of other dealers who might be interested, please pass that information on to them. In addition, we also have a Corporate Profile series for manufacturers, distributors and suppliers, which focuses on successful executives who make a business profitable. We would also like to hear from our readers: what is your favorite column? What can we cover better? What would you like to see in the future? We look forward to hearing from you so we can better meet your industry information needs.

Viewpoint: Is it spring yet?

Wednesday, May 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

The calendar may indicate it’s spring but in several areas around the country, people are questioning if that’s really the case. And if it hasn’t hit you already, spring fever should be on your horizon. With the change of seasons comes more water treatment opportunities, including necessary maintenance, repairs and replacements for returning snowbirds. For your long-term customers, that annual maintenance regimen should already be scheduled. And as the warm-up continues, people will want to take stock of summer needs as well, such as new filters and other treatment system maintenance. Throw in conference season and it looks like several busy months are coming your way.
While not wholly entrenched in residential water treatment, UV systems are making deeper inroads each year, especially in the commercial sector. Water dispensing units are now featuring UV disinfection as a part of the whole package of offering quality water and many small commercial concerns, such as mom-and-pop restaurants are having UV disinfection added to treatment trains. There is another market for UV and that’s small water systems. In this issue, we feature a case study by Jose Maria Gonzalez of UV Pure Technologies, about a UV installation in a small Colombian water treatment plant. A far less expensive alternative to building additional treatment plants, this installation provides more than 5,000 people with the best water in the area.
On the heels of WQA’s Annual Convention in Las Vegas, NV, we got a chance to ask new Lab Director Zac Gleason a few questions about his new role. His experience with labs and testing is being brought to bear in multiple ways and he sees his position as one of leading the way to further enhance WQA’s certification and informational programs. Gleason’s dedication to providing clean, high-quality water is proactive at the very least and quite commendable.
With intrusion by a host of contaminants such as arsenic, radon and others, it’s inevitable that problems with groundwater will arise. But what happens when very small public systems fail and residents face having bad or no water? Enter the Water Well Trust. This non-profit agency has been at the forefront of securing funding and materials to rehab and even build new water systems in areas where it would be all but impossible for residents to do so themselves. With the assistance of major companies like Xylem, the impossible is becoming reality, as reported in this issue by Susan O’Grady, Director of Marketing.
Legionnaire’s disease is on the minds of many, including our Public Health Editor, Kelly A. Reynolds, MSPH, PhD. There is a wealth of information about the disease, how to treat it and most importantly, how to prevent it. But that doesn’t always reach those who need it to effect remediation techniques on systems suspected of harboring Legionella. Dr. Reynolds outlines a new effort, online training, to add to the arsenal of tools already available to overcome and prevent infections.
We hope you enjoyed the WQA Annual Convention and we look forward to seeing you again soon at upcoming events. Until we meet again, please give a thought to what you would like to see covered in WC&P International and let us know. Know a dealer who’s got a special story? Send it our way. Do you have an exceptional executive in your company? Let us tell the story. Until we meet again, happy reading!

Viewpoint: Spring brings a lot of changes

Monday, April 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

In much of the US, springtime has finally arrived, in spite of a punishing El Nino winter. For those who can’t wait to get out into the sunshine, be ready for other weather changes that may well impact both your life and your business. Warmer temperatures mean removing winter weatherproofing, planting gardens and watering lawns, all of which mean water quality is still the most important consideration.
We’ve heard much over the past few years about emerging contaminants and now find ourselves staring down double barrels. PFAS contamination is rampant and only now being considered a disaster to be reckoned with throughout the world. Lead poisoning is still occurring far too often due to failing infrastructure, old piping and lead solder. It will involve high costs and strong political motivation to overcome these issues . Until that is accomplished, consumers need to be able to rely on water treatment dealers and manufacturers to keep their water supplies safe.
In this issue, Gary Battenberg of Parker Hannifin provides an introspective and comprehensive look at PFAS and lead contamination, what can be done and how. It cannot be stressed strongly enough just how dangerous and difficult this devil’s duo will continue to be for some time to come. As water treatment specialists, there are a range of treatment and equipment options you should be ready to deploy for clients who are being affected.
Due to the WQA Annual Convention & Exposition being held in April this year, an updated schedule is being presented, with the latest information possible. Golf, educational sessions, committee meetings, certification classes and exams, Boot Camp…there’s a large number of offerings for every level of water treatment. Be sure to boost your knowledge and enhance your bottom line by taking advantage of every opportunity afforded by attending. With the large number of contamination stories in the press, consumers will be looking for certified professionals…they should be knocking on your doors!
Candice Wentling of Certified Action, Bill Blades of William Blades, Inc. and Gary Coon come together in this issue to offer a wide variety of sales and marketing tips and tricks. There is no one-size-fits-all approach. Take advantage of the wisdom imparted by these marketing specialists to help bring your sales teams up a few rungs on the success ladder.
While US water quality issues are governed by US EPA and other regulatory agencies, it’s important to know that the rest of the world adheres to World Health Organization guidance. While there are differences between the two, a conjunction exists for many aspects of water quality and treatment. Dr. Kelly Reynolds, Public Health Editor, provides both summary and insight in her article about risk management to reduce waterborne disease.
It won’t be long after you receive this issue that we will see you in Las Vegas, April 23-25, hopefully. Stop by Booth 846 or catch us as we make our rounds of the educational sessions and tradeshow floor. Keep an eye on today with the other focused on the future by taking in the wide variety of new products on display.

Guest Viewpoint: A message from the WQA President

Friday, February 15th, 2019

Chris Wilker, President WQA

Happy New Year! The new year brings in the 116th Congress to Washington, DC. Those elected will be faced with tough decisions about issues such as the trade, economy, infrastructure, drinking water and US EPA directives. The impact on businesses could be significant. Further complicating the issues will be the fact that many of those elected will have little background on drinking water chemistry, alternatives to centralized treatment and the challenges facing our industry today. Therefore, I am addressing you to discuss ways you can actively participate in our political dialogue.
1. Learn about the Water Quality Association’s Political Action Committee (WQA-PAC). The WQA-PAC was created from feedback WQA leadership received from members to enhance the association’s presence in DC. It is an opportunity to share the water treatment industry story. Check out the WQA-PAC webpage (https://www.wqa.org/programs-services/government-affairs/pac).
2. Sign up for the 2019 Water Resources Congressional Summit on March 5-6. Coordinated by WQA, this two-day event in DC offers you the opportunity to meet with congressional offices. With a better understanding of the role we play in helping those who work and live in America, Congress can provide the framework to improve the quality of life for Americans. As we have seen in years past, continuing this dialogue has brought our industry into the fold as a primary provider of solutions to drinking water issues. To register, visit this link: https://www.wqa.org/programs-services/government-affairs and https://www.wqa.org/programs-services/regulatory-affairs.
3. Attend the WQA Convention & Exposition from April 23-25. Along with a full education program and tradeshow, attendees can observe WQA committee meetings as a chance to keep informed on industry issues. On the government affairs side, be sure to check out the Federal Government Affairs Committee and the Regional & State Government Affairs Committee meetings.
4. Visit the Government Affairs and Regulatory Affairs webpages (https://www.wqa.org/programs-services/government-affairs and https://www.wqa.org/programs-services/regulatory-affairs). Access additional resources and updates on government affairs and regulations, including China/US tariffs and counterfeiting.
In 2018, we saw several wins for the industry, including securing federal funding for the CDC to conduct a nationwide study on PFASs; securing federal funding for POU/POE installations in rural water systems and private wells, and multiple states embracing the final-barrier concept by requiring water filters be installed to protect consumers from lead. To learn more about our achievements in 2018, I encourage you to read the 2018 Government Affairs Recap Report at https://www.wqa.org/programs-services/government-affairs/updates-and-bills-list.
Let’s take advantage of this momentum! Our WQA Government Affairs Team is here to help and answer your questions. Please direct those questions to WQA Global Government Affairs Manager, Kathleen Fultz, kfultz@wqa.org.

Viewpoint: Six decades of determination

Tuesday, January 15th, 2019

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

As we edge closer to our 60th anniversary, we wanted to start the new year with a round of applause for you, our readers and contributors. Were it not for your constant support, we could have been an also-ran in the water treatment world. But, in spite of some downturns and recessions, we’re still publishing our best news and technical articles to help you be better water industry players. That’s what’s key for all of us, a collaborative spirit, the need to help others, that keeps us moving forward together.
We have intentionally kept our editorial calendar static over the years because let’s face it: people don’t really like change. They want to know when something is happening and who is making it happen. Having a common thread of consistency in our publishing and content gives you the edge. You know what to expect…and so do we. We’ll be ramping up soon for the new conference season and we want you to have the best shows on your mind, long before they are happening. Planning will make the difference in success and we hope to share that with you along the way.
This month, our focus is on membrane separation and filtration, the primary treatment methodologies you deal with on a regular basis. Peter Cartwright, PE, a founding member of the WC&P Technical Review Committee, delves into the world of treatment media, giving an in-depth review of what works best in which applications…and why. There is no pat answer in water treatment and no one-size-fits-all approach that works. Cartwright proffers invaluable insight into the whys and hows of treatment.
Kicking off a new year means changes, a lot of them, which may include changing your way of doing business, how you reach out to new customers and how you keep them coming back for more. Marketing is the ever-changing dynamic of what works when, to reach your target audience. One of many marketing experts to grace our pages, Dale Filhaber is an inexhaustible source of ideas. So too is Candice Wentling of Certified Action. In this issue, they present more ideas to keep your business on the right track.
The California Groundwater Association hosts a small but intimate annual convention for its membership in Reno, NV. WC&P has been warmly welcomed at each of their conventions over the last several years, giving us the opportunity to take part and enjoy their close-knit event. In this issue, we’ve included a short pictorial review of the 2018 convention, where you may even see some familiar faces.
Kelly A. Reynolds, MSPH, PhD, Public Health Editor and author of our monthly On Tap column, marks the 20th anniversary of her first column, Heterotrophic Plate Count Bacteria in Drinking Water. Fast forwarding through the decades, she now offers insight on the future of water quality and sustainability. In her column, Dr. Reynolds summarizes a National Academy of Sciences report that details the US Geological Survey’s future water priorities.
Let us take a moment to fondly remember those who’ve passed and salute those intrepid newcomers to the industry. We have a new year to fill with advanced technologies, to bring hope to those less fortunate and make our world a better place. Let’s hear it for our staunch allies in the water treatment industry, our contributors and subscribers and everyone who has helped to make WC&P International such a success. You have our deepest gratitude!

Viewpoint: Merry Christmas!

Saturday, December 15th, 2018

Kurt C. Peterson, Publisher

Yes, we’ve rolled through another year with you and as we get ready to close out 2018, it’s time to be thankful. We should also take pride in what the industry has accomplished, while still realizing there is so much more to be done. Population increase and climate change are serious drivers for water contamination, ensuring continued challenges to provide safe, clean water to the world. That said, we know you, our loyal and supportive subscribers, will continue your efforts to reach that goal. WC&P will be there to help, by presenting relevant and timely information from a wide range of sources.
Throughout the year, we focus on primary technologies for the residential, smaller commercial and light industrial water treatment markets. We try, however, to be comprehensive in our coverage and include sanitation, desalination, wastewater, groundwater and more during the later months of the year. It’s important to note that the differences among treatment technologies and applications is more readily defined as the importance of preventing possible failure. Those of our audience who deal with small businesses and public water systems, possibly water and wastewater treatment plants, know well that failure is not an option.
In our final month of the year, we are taking a closer look at desalination and wastewater. Riggs Eckelberry of OriginClear examines whether smaller desalination operations should be considered as future options. The cost of energy to operate desalination is tremendous and smaller setups could offset these costs to make desal a more desirable treatment choice. As recycling and reuse become more palatable to a larger audience, it can’t go without notice that wastewater is and will continue to be a huge part of that option. Stringent testing and control must be maintained to determine the success of turning wastewater into a more usable form. Cole-Parmer’s Michael Steinert reports on a new testing protocol that can give results more quickly to determine the level of biological contaminants in wastewater. That’s a first step for successful recycling and treatment.
NGWA’s Jesse Richardson reports on ‘groundwater as a conduit’ cases, which seek to determine contaminant sourcing and responsibility. Several cases will likely end up in the hands of the Supreme Court for determinations under the Clean Water Act. Addressing lead contamination, Kimberly Redden, Eric Yeggy and Public Health Editor Dr. Kelly A. Reynolds together tackle this most pressing and distressing contaminant, and its mitigation through the use of POU options.
On an upbeat note, we present a pictorial recap of the PWQA’s recent annual convention and a most impressive dealer accomplishment, Culligan of San Diego’s sports field naming honors. We bring this to a close with a most heartfelt wish for one and all to have a very Merry Christmas! See you next year!

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